After building the Gaui 500X quadcopter I realized that in order to get a quad that does exactly what I want, I need to design it myself. So this is my first attempt. The goals I’ve set up when designing this quad are:
- Stable (which means it can’t be too small)
- Easy to transport
- Light weight
- Able to carry a compact point-and-shoot camera
- Smooth, in-flight controllable, tilt of the camera
- No props in the picture
- Should look nice and professional
- Be able to grip and lift it with one hand
- 10+ minutes flight time
My new CNC machine really helps speed up the process of designing new parts. What used to take hours to make by hand now take me minutes. (Sorry for the raving but I’m still not used to owning a CNC)
The parts cut. I decided on using 1mm carbon fiber to save weight and to be honest, it looks really cool.
I decided on making the tilt-assembly part of the main frame itself to make the quad more compact and streamlined.
I decided against making lightening holes in the body for three reasons. Firstly, shielding the main electronics from the ESC’s that I plan on mounting in between the frame plates. Secondly, to keep the frame as rigid and tough as possible. And lastly to hide all wires away in between the plates.
For the arms I used 10mm square carbon fiber tubes from hobbyking. I drilled the holes in the CNC as well as marked where to cut the arms.
Simply saw through at the markings and you’re done.
Arms done. Why there are 8 short pieces instead of 4 long ones I’ll get to in a minute.
Super simple motor mount. Most motors have the standard 19 and 16 mm hole pattern which happen to almost fit straight onto the 10*10mm square booms. All that is needed is a few strokes with a round file and it fits like a glove.
Motor in place. Super stiff and light weight, just as I like it.
Now to the interesting part. None of the quad folding mechanisms I’ve seen so far really manages to make the quad that much easier to transport. They usually just make the quad oblong and bulky. So I spent some time figuring out a new folding mechanism that would make the quad easier to transport as well as protect the quad and props from damage during the transport. And this is what I came up with. A simple ”elbow” in the middle of the arm. As simple as possible but not simpler.
This will reduce the size of the quad as well as protecting the props and body. The cables runs through the hollow carbon-fibre arms and can bend freely at the ”elbow”.
I decided on making the quad 650 mm motor to motor, which should make it nice and stable without being too bulky.
The camera tray. Simply glued together. Note the extra little bracket on the front, it’s for the FPV camera.
Not to heavy.
The camera I’ll be using is the Sony HXV9 which as really nice quality video/photo.
The camera is held in place with two velcro straps, which may save the camera in the event of a unscheduled crash.
To get the highest possible stability, I bought the Hobbyking F-20A ESC’swhich I’m going to re-flash with Simon K’s awesome firmware. The modified firmware has little to none filtering of the PPM signal which means that the throttle response is much quicker.
There are a number of different ESC’s that can be re-flashed (more info in this thread), I choose the F-20A ESC’s due to the fact that it has an external oscillator and has programming pads that are really easy to get to.
I made a super simple quick connector out of a clothespin and some rigid wire.
I simply clamp the clothespin over the programming pins and go. Barely takes a minute to flash a new ESC now.
Soldered the ESC’s to the motor cables.
My Super-über advanced distribution board. A double sided DIY PCB laminate.
It gets the job done. Simply solder positive to one side and negative to the other.
Lots of wires. Not very pretty.
Tidied up a bit. With both frames in place, it’s neatly tucked away.
I’ll be using the DJI Wookong-M as the Stabilization unit. I found a domed security cam cupola in a local hardware store that’s the perfect size to cover the electronics. This will make it look better as well as protect it.
Stabilization unit in place. I used some copper foil-tape around the IMU unit to act as shielding as I have the GPS only a few centimeters away.
This is how the Quadrone looks folded up (without props and camera-mount).
As the motors fold in towards the center, there are no sensitive parts along the outer perimeter of the Quadrone during transport.
To make the transport even easier I designed it to fit inside this peli-clone case.
And this is the Quadrone unfolded.
Simple servo mounting.
The servo is simply being sandwiched by the screws.
The tabs on the servo prevent it from moving back and the gimbal keeps it from moving forward.
Second servo. This is to make the movement as smooth as possible. Might be a little overkill in this application, but it saved me the trouble of making a bearing solution on the other side.
All done and ready to go.
All up weight ready to fly, with battery (4s3000), camera, FPV gear and all; 1400 grams
The battery is held in place by a battery strap and can be easily moved back or forth to get the correct CG.
Folded up with props attached. Nice and compact with the props protected.
Up, up and away
More to come!